05 Jul SO, WHAT IS GOD
Posted at 15:45h in Articles
So, What Is God?
No God exists, yet God but nothing else exists. So, what is God?
Humans generally recognize that someone higher than themself is the cause of their existence. So, everybody contemplates–what is God? Most people are contented with their beliefs related to answering this question, but not all are. I have been on this rollercoaster myself. You know what God means to you. Now, let me state my views on what God means to me. I use God, ONE, and Universe interchangeably because they mean the same thing to me. I do not perceive God as a spirit, a person, a creator, or nature, but rather a conscious substance that I call ONE.
Three attributes of God are universally accepted. First, God is the first cause, Second, God is eternal. Lastly, God is infinite. I give these attributes to the Universe and claim that the Universe is the first cause, is eternal and infinite. The Universe is self-aware and self-regulating. ONE, a unique conscious substance, is a building block from which everything in the Universe is created. I use the word ONE instead of God because for most people accepting that God is a substance is not easy. The term ONE is more acceptable. I developed my thoughts, modifying the Pantheistic belief that God and the Universe is one and Bruch Spinoza’s concept of God as a monist substance. While I learned from many sources, organizing them into a comprehensible hypothesis having a high probability level is my aim. As I expand this article, I will explain how phenomena like the Big Bang theory, the Theory of Evolution, Quantum physics, and modern cosmology support this hypothesis.
ONE: A unique conscious substance.
ONE is the Universe consciousness, yet it is smaller than a sub-atomic particle.
ONE is a subatomic substance consisting of matter, mind, and conscience. It is absolutely the smallest unit possible that cannot be subdivided. So, minute that millions of ONE constitute a grain of sand or a living cell. ONE has infinite attributes and modes. To meet any need, ONE readjusts itself at the minutest fraction of time, such as a millionth of a second. From micro to macro, all that exists in the infinite Universe, be it a living cell, an atom, energy, waves of any type, or whatever else any of us can construct, is made of ONE. ONE is all there is, and nothing else exists.
To explain the nature of ONE, let me use water as an analogy. Starting from a drop to the vast ocean, be it in liquid, vapor, or solid form, neither the quantity nor its form changes its nature. Similarly, from a sub-atomic particle to the infinite Universe, ONE is the same.
Now, let us consider a human as an analogy. A human has a body, mind, and conscience. All three are inseparable, and together they constitute a person. Similarly, ONE has matter, mind, and conscience as its integral parts, all equal and essential. Humans number in the billions, and each one is a unique individual, similar but not identical. Similarly, ONE with infinite modes and variables are similar but not identical.
Let us take this analogy further. A human body has a brain, blood, veins and arteries, bones, skin, teeth, nails, hairs, and many more organs. All are made of cells, and cells are made of atoms. Consequently, atoms are made of subatomic particles, and subatomic particles are made of ONE. So, every part of the human body is made of Billions of ONE. And because ONE has infinite modes or variables, it can take any form to construct a unique individual.
Consider another example. A person may be awake, asleep, in a coma, unconscious or dead. Any of these consciousness levels is only possible because ONE continuously readjusts its infinite attributes and modes to induce all those conditions. The adjustment of ONE to fit endless needs can be a smooth transition.
Let me say If a nation of millions of individuals pursuing their needs and goals and following laws, customs, and traditions can maintain peace and build a great civilization. Why can’t the trillions of ONE working together achieve their goal? In nature, nothing is undesirable, and all are necessary.
All living things–humans, animals, birds, fishes, plants, or single-cell organisms. All inert matters such as earth, rocks, minerals, or chemicals. Elements of nature like water, air, fire, sound, light, or heat. Gravity, magnetic fields, or ultraviolet rays, and other natural marvels. All these things and more are merely different manifestations of ONE. Unity in diversity stretched beyond the limit of human imagination.
ONE is a Substance with God-like attributes. But ONE, unlike a God of faith, is not human-centric. ONE does what is essential and does not act to fulfill human needs or desires. ONE is not a God of ethics, morality, sin, or Justice. Such paradigms humans need to address individually and collectively through their families, societies, and nations. ONE has no role in these determinations.
ONE is all-knowing and all-wise. Hence knowledge and wisdom are localized in all substances, and all decisions are made internally. ONE is universal wisdom and conscience. As such, the Universe is self-regulating and managing. Therefore, no God as commonly perceived by humans is needed.
ONE is a hypothesis. That means an idea is assumed and tested to explain life’s realities and the Universe to evaluate if the determination holds. Now I will attempt to prove that ONE’s existence is plausible.
The Origin of Existence
Who created God? How was ONE formed? From where did Singularity appear? How long God waited before he created the Universe? Or what was nothingness in which Singularity appeared? So many questions, yet nobody has the answers. The origin of existence, the first cause, is utterly incomprehensible, and no amount of speculation can solve this problem. Terms like the first cause, infinity, and eternity will never be comprehensible despite humans’ desire to understand. Neither God’s concept in faiths nor nothingness in atheism or any other philosophy can satisfactorily answer this question. The origin of existence will never be known. WE recognize this reality and need to accept it without any explanation because there is none. Without making any claim, I state that ONE is a unique substance with God-like attributes. The Universe is the first cause, is eternal and infinite. No God apart from the Universe ever existed or is needed. ONE, God, or the Universe is the same. ONE and nothing else exist. ONE is all, and all is ONE.
The origin of the Universe
Uncreated, Eternal Universe
According to the Big Bang Theory, this Universe is about 13.7 billion years old. A Singularity appeared in nothingness, and started to expand, and became the Universe. I fully support the Theory, but with some reservations. So, let me explain where I differ or what is my position on this subject. Big Bang is the beginning of our Cosmos and not the infinite Universe. Our Cosmos is finite, has a beginning, and certainly will end. But our Cosmos is only one segment of the eternal Universe. We are nowhere near encompassing the entire Universe. The reality is still elusive, and we have pre-maturely concluded that we already know all that needs to be known. We do not want to admit that the Universe may be eternal and infinite because eternity and infinity are God’s attributes, and many scientists are allergic to the word God.
Can time or space exist before the Singularity appears, or how can a Singularity emerge in the void? Now let me state my arguments supporting the idea that the Big Bang was the beginning of our Cosmos and not the infinite Universe. Let us consider an analogy of a human family consisting of many members starting from an infant to a grandfather and many other members of different ages in between. Each was birthed and will die. Yet, the family continues its journey through generations through newborn babies replacing dying elders.
Similarly, a Universe consists of many transient and finite Cosmoses, each starting with a Big Bang and ending as a super-condensed ball. As to how an existing Cosmos is forced to compact to a singularity, I would say the newly known phenomena like black matter or black holes are pointing toward explaining that possibility. Maybe a section of the Universe is sucked into a black hole that comes out on the other end as a super-condensed ball. Big Bang and a baby universe start to grow. Or perhaps our expanding Cosmos on one side, with another expanding cosmos on the other side, is compacting one in between. In any case, expansion in one part of the Universe and contraction in another is happening. And if we do not have evidence today, wait for a century. After all, for how long our Cosmos is going to keep expanding without a counterbalance. It is unsustainable. While the Universe stays in perpetual change, the Universe is constant. Nothing can vanish, so the net stays the same.
Origin of Life
Evolution is the tool of ONE’s creation.
Earth is about 4.5 billion years old. The first sign of life, a living cell that multiplied–appeared some 3,500 million years ago, and the modern Humans developed only eighty thousand years back. This long journey from a single cell to complex organisms like plant life to fishes, reptiles, birds, and humans could not have evolved without a purpose. This immense variety of fishes, mammals, birds, and plants, each most suitable for its environment, proves that evolution is happening and will continue to happen. Nature’s laws are nothing but ONE’s wisdom, and deviations are not exceptions but an integral part of the rule. Quantum mechanics, with all its variables and probabilities, proves my position.
Survival of the fittest or natural selection produces only soft evolution that creates varieties within a species. The human race evolved in Africa and from there migrated to different parts of the world. Those who migrated to Europe changed their color from black to white over twelve thousand years. And as humans migrated to other parts of the globe, different features developed as human traits.
But the evolution of new species unrelated to existing, like the claim that humans evolved from apes, cannot be explained with just environmental causes or genetic mutations. I am not suggesting that humans did not evolve from apes. Evolution is the tool of ONE’s creation, and drastic changes can occur. I am only saying that such an epic decision must come from ONE, the Universal Consciousness that sets the destinies of species, planets, galaxies, and Cosmos. It is this kind of complexity in nature that forces us to acknowledge that ONE is essential.
Quantum mechanics and Cosmology
Science is facts till proven wrong.
Modern science started with Newton’s physics laws, Darwin’s Theory of evolution, and the Big Bang Theory, which have now been reformed by Quantum mechanics, new genetics, and Relativity theory. We will touch on these subjects briefly.
Newton’s laws of gravity and the law of inertia of the moving objects gave birth to the idea that the Universe is perfect and is balanced and will run on its own till eternity. Religions already had the concept of an all-wise God who created a perfect universe that runs on a set course. These theories influenced Thomas Paine, who rejected God’s notion as in religions and introduced the idea of creator God, who has established a system to manage the Universe so God can now retire and not worry about the Universe or the world.
Einstein’s Theory of relativity threw a monkey ranch in the concept of the perfect Universe. The Universe became chaotic with black holes and black matters and a new concept of time and space. New cosmology keeps finding new planets that are still developing or are dying.
Two hundred years back, scientists thought that the smallest known particle is an atom, and all elements or living cells are made of atoms. Soon, they figured out that the atom is only 10% solid and is 90% void. Protons and neutrons are in the core, and electrons are revolving in the negatively charged space giving an illusion of a mass.
Then came quantum mechanics. The protons and neutrons became sub-atomic particles that are randomly spinning at the speed of light. Physicists claim that these particles are mass and wave simultaneously and could be present at more than one place concurrently and may entangle, so they are connected even when they are far apart. Mass is nothing but waves or spinning subatomic particles. Imagine one grain of sand contains millions of atoms. And ONE is even smaller than the atom’s sub-particles. Nothing can be smaller than ONE. And ONE is a substance with Godly attributes. The Universe as we perceive it is an illusion. The reality is utterly elusive.
ONE is not the God of Newton or Thomas Paine, who created a perfect universe. It is like, God of Spinoza, a unique substance with Godly attributes, or God of Albert Einstein, an elusive reality. The established laws of physics are now shaken by the introduction of Big Bang Theory, Quantum physics, Theory of relativity, and space exploration has just begun.
If God cannot communicate even with humans, how could he communicate with the matter, and if the matter is not conscious, how does it understand the laws of nature or its properties. What is becoming abundantly evident is the complexity, randomness, deviations, and deliberate selection starting at a level lower than an atom or life cell. And this is only the surface of what remains unknown to the human mind. Just imagine the complexity of a brain cell or a gene with genetic history stored in it. Could God living in heaven be managing it? We do not think so. Such phenomena can only be possible if the substance is conscious, self-regulating. So, I conclude that ONE is the conscious substance, that is the building block of all that exists.
Humanism, Deism, and Monism.
Mono Deism is a philosophy of life, is a blend of humanism, deism, and monism. I coined the term MonoDeism, and am promoting my thoughts under it. Humanism means human rights and needs are of paramount importance. No cause is higher than service to humanity and doing good for goodness sake and not rewards. Deism claims that God has not revealed himself, and the only way to understand God is through human reasoning. Monism is rejecting the duality of God and the world and recognizing that there is oneness in reality.
In MonoDeism, there is no personal, supernatural, or Creator God. God neither became the Universe nor exists apart from it. God, as commonly perceived, never existed. The Conscious Universe is the first cause. ONE is a unique substance and is the building block of all that exists. ONE, or Universe is the same. ONE is like God in pantheism but is not the same. In pantheism, ‘God became the Universe,’ and in MonoDeism, the Conscious Universe is the first cause so, emphasis shifts from God to the Universe. The prime difference between MonoDeism and other modern philosophies like deism, pantheism, panentheism, or pandeism is that Monodeistic thoughts are more atheistic. We, monodeist, claim that no creator God ever existed. Yet the conscious Universe is the first cause that it is eternal and is not incidental.
Spinoza’s God is perfect; hence is inflexible, so his emphasis is on determinism. He believed that destinies are predetermined, and nothing can change them. Like atheists claim that an infinite series of cause and effect determines the outcome. The cause would independently determine the effect if we do not have the ability to intervene. But we are intelligent and have freewill so, our choices influence the outcome. It is wrong to say that the cause and effect are predetermined, and we cannot change it. Free will and determinism are logically compatible. We are responsible for the choices we make and are accountable for our deeds. But not for things beyond our control. In Monodeist thoughts, the universal consciousness is aware and has free will. You cannot be God-like without free will. Humans are part of ONE; hence they have limited free will as well.
I am a Deist because I Adefine ONE with human reasoning, using physics and metaphysics, science, and philosophy to solve nature’s mysteries. I reject all notions of religious theologies like sin, soul, afterlife, divine judgment, heaven, and hell. The soul is the “Self” that does not survive death. Death is ONE changing its modes from a living being to an inert substance, and accountability needs to be in this life. ONE is not human-centric, and humans have evolved with conscience and wisdom and can take care of themselves. God is a hypothesis, religions are mythologies, and the claims are pretentious. Humans created God to serve their needs, and they can’t be comfortable with the thought that God is not their babysitter or have to rely on themselves.
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Thanks for reading this article. I hope I succeeded in making my case, and now you decide. This article introduces my next book, ‘Conscious Universe’ that I hope to publish in 2021. Please visit my Facebook page ‘MonoDeism’ my email address ‘email@example.com.’
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